5 types of resume formats and when to use them

Resumes are not just a piece of paper or a digital document with some information about you, they are your first touchpoint to any company or organization. They are your professional advertisements.

Before applying to any job, resumes are one thing that are a must-have. So, it is up to you, how you wish to design this basic essential document detailing your professional background and qualifications to have an everlasting impact on the human resource team or the hiring managers.

Resumes can be designed in a number of ways to provide meaningful information about you, and you can choose the design one that suits the role, or the one which you can elaborate on during the interview with confidence. Each design or type of resume would serve a different purpose. Here is a list on 5 basic types of resume and when to use them –

1. Chronological Resume

This resume details the information in the chronological order of your work history, with the most recent position listed first and your first work experience listed at the last.

Most of the employers, organisations and industries prefer this standard format of resume and it has been in style since the time resumes became mandatory for job applications. This is the most common type of resume, but it is important that you have prior work experience and other qualifications to list them. This is not suitable when you are a fresher.

2. Functional Resume

This focuses on your skillset and experience you have. Since it focuses on your professional experience, whatever number of years that may be, and your accomplishment in your life be it in college or in social or any other field, you don’t have to enlist the work experience in chronological order.

It includes resume summary, headline, educational qualification, skills, achievements, and employment history if present. This helps you if you have gaps in your employment history or have a limited work experience.

3. Combination Resume

This is a fusion of chronological resume and a functional resume.

After starting with skills and qualifications, you list the chronological work history when you create this type of resume. Here, work experience does not take the major chunk of the resume. This is used when you have a diverse skillset, and you do not wish to limit the focus of your resume on work experience alone.

4. Infographic Resume

This resume also includes photos, graphics, images, and other visuals apart from text. It utilizes elements such as layout, color, design, formatting, icons, and font styling to create a highly visual appeal. These types of resumes are utilised by people in the design, creative, or journalism fields.

5. Targeted Resume

This resume is customised to highlight specific experience and skills that are relevant to the job you are applying for. This helps when employers are looking for the best-fit for the job because you are able to highlight that and build that story. So, it is a job specific resume not a generic one.

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